『Nature Knowledge : Ethnoscience, Cognition, and Utility』目次

Glauco Sanga and Gherardo Ortalli (eds.)
(2004年11月刊行, Berghahn Books, New York, xiv+417 pp., ISBN:1-57181-822-7 [hbk] → 版元ページ

List of Illustrations vii
List of Tables viii
Preface and Acknowledgements ix
List of Abbreviations xi
List of Contributors xiii


Introduction | Glauco Sanga 1


Recognition and Classification of Natural Kinds | Marta Maddalon 23
Chapter 1. How a Folk Botanical System can be both Natural and Comprehensive: One Maya Indian's View of the Plant World | Brent Berlin 38
Chapter 2. Arbitrariness and Necessity in Ethnobiological Classification: Notes on some Persisting Issues | Roy Ellen 47
Chapter 3. Tackling Aristotelian Ethnozoology | Oddone Longo 57
Chapter 4. Current and Historical Problems in Classification: Levels and Associated Themes, from the Linguistic Point of View | John B. Trumper 68
Discussion | Edited by Gabriele Iannàccaro 95


The Ways of Naming Nature and Through Nature | Glauco Sanga 105
Chapter 5. The Role of Motivation ("iconymy") in Naming: Six Responses to a List of Questions | Mario Alinei 108
Chapter 6. Tapir and Squirrel: Further Nomenclatural Meanderings Toward a Universal Sound-symbolic Bestiary | Brent Berlin 119
Chapter 7. Jivaro Streams: from Named Places to Placed Names | Maurizio Gnerre 128
Chapter 8. What is Lost When Names are Forgotten? | Jane H. Hill 161
Chapter 9. Examples of Metaphors from Fauna and Flora | Giovan Battista Pellegrini 185
Chapter 10. Lexicalization of Natural Objects in Palawan | Nicole Revel 191
Chapter 11. Levels and Mechanisms of Naming | John B. Trumper 201
Discussion | Edited by Gabriele Iannàccaro 221


The Symbolic Uses of Nature | Daniel Fabre 229
Chapter 12. Thought of Nature and Cosmology | Jean-Pierre Albert 231
Chapter 13. Symbolic Anthropology and Ethnoscience: Two Paradigms | Marlène Albert-Llorca 239
Chapter 14. Doing, Thinking, Saying | Giulio Angioni 243
Chapter 15. Thought, Knowledge, and Universals | Jack Goody 249
Chapter 16. Bodily Humors in the Scholarly Tradition of Hindu and Galenic Medicine as an Example of Naive Theory and Implicate Universals | Francis Zimmermann 262
Discussion | Edited by Gabriele Iannàccaro 272


How have We come to Use Nature, from a Practical Point-of-view? | Antonino Colajanni 283
Chapter 17. Indigenous Knowledge: Subordination and Localism | Giulio Angioni 287
Chapter 18. Indigenous Environmental Knowledge, the History of Science, and the Discourse of Development | Roy Ellen and Holly Harris 297
Chapter 19. Two Reflections on Ecological Knowledge | Tim Ingold 301
Chapter 20. Indigenous Knowledge and Cognitive Power | Pier Giorgio Solinas 312
Chapter 21. The Role of Indigenous Knowledge Systems in Facilitating Sustainable Approaches to Development | D. Michael Warren 317
Discussion | Edited by Gabriele Iannàccaro 331


What does it Mean to Conserve Nature? | Cristina Papa 339
Chapter 22. Random Conservation and Deliberate Diffusion of Botanical Species: Some Evidence out of the Modern European Agricultural Past | Mauro Ambrosoli 354
Chapter 23. Diversity, Protection, and Conservation: Local Agricultural Products and Foodstuffs | Laurence Bérard and Philippe Marchenay 366
Chapter 24. Cultural Research on the Origin and Maintenance of Agricultural Diversity | Stephen Brush 379
Chapter 25. Activation Practices, History of Environmental Resources, and Conservation | Diego Moreno 386
Chapter 26. Forms of Knowledge in the Conservation of Natural Resources: from the Middle Ages to the Venetian "Tribe" | Gherardo Ortalli 391
Discussion | Edited by Gabriele Iannàccaro 399


Index 405